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Political Science

Your pro​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​posals to stop a terrorist attack are the heart of your final assignment, this will be the primary criteria for grading this paper and the comprehensive and culminating event for this course.

F​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​inal Assignment Domestic Intel to Stop the Attack
Introduction:
For this final paper you condense two previous papers into a single research paper and then add 3 substantive recommendations on how you propose that domestic intelligence can be employed more effective to support the HSE to stop terrorist attacks. This is essentially what you need to know to write this final paper.
2. Full Spectrum Domestic Intelligence to Counter Terrorism within the Homeland:
Develop a comprehensive 6-8 full page paper summarizing the content and research from your first two papers, and then make at least three substantive recommendations on how to prevent or thwart your selected terrorist group from succeeding in their hypothetical attack on the United States homeland. Do not go over the maximum page number. Points will be deducted for each page over 8 pages.
Use the Organizational Profile (Red Cell paper) you prepared for your Midterm Assignment and combine it with the Progress Assignment you prepared about collecting and analyzing on that group (making all necessary changes based on instructor feedback) and melding them both into one seamless research paper that also adds a major new section to address your specific recommendations to counter your selected terrorist organization’s planned attack in the homeland. Make sure your recommendations are focused only on what happens within the homeland as this is not a foreign policy or international relations course. The recommendations need to be something new or enacting a policy or procedure that is not already in place (do not describe how we already protect the homeland or discuss what current agencies do). Be original or cite ideas from others on how to adapt or reform how intelligence can better support homeland security here domestically to stop your hypothetical attack. Also, make sure your recommendations address a role for state and local agencies (as we discussed in week 4).
The focus of this paper is to address how intelligence, law enforcement and homeland security officials from all three levels of government can prevent or disrupt this attack here in the U.S. (not overseas) by clearly specifying your recommendations of counter-measures to stop or interdict the terrorists here at home before the attack occurs. Employ all that you have learned about intelligence to support Homeland Security and feel free to express your own opinions when making recommendations for Homeland Security intelligence. Just listing what the government already does to collect and analyze and conduct law enforcement on the terrorism threat to the Homeland is not sufficient — make some original or even controversial proposals if you like. Do not discuss defensive or protective measures such as increasing physical security — the thrust of your recommendations needs to be focused on domestic intelligence (that is what this class is about). You can recommend a change to policy, procedure or an organizational change to how the IC (or an individual agency) supports the homeland which directly contributes to stopping a terrorist attack. Feel free to make radical proposals or even changes to existing laws, but do not make proposals that are illegal or unconstitutional (but you can propose changing a law). Remember your hypothetical attack was supposed to be imminent (in the immediate future), so longer term proposals may not be viable for this paper.
Your paper needs to clearly identify your three homeland security intelligence and law enforcement recommendations at the end of your paper before your conclusions, and include specific section headings for each recommendation with the short title for each recommendation. Your pro​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​posals to stop a terrorist attack are the heart of your final assignment, this will be the primary criteria for grading this paper and the comprehensive and culminating event for this course. You must use sections headings like these:
Recommendation 1: Your idea to improve homeland security (domestic) intelligence and law enforcement to specifically stop this impending attack; only what you think should be done at home — DO NOT make overseas recommendations. All three must be homeland intelligence focused proposals and not address anything going on abroad — that is not the subject of this course.
Recommendation 2: Make sure at least one recommendation includes a role for the all-important state and local agencies (week 4).
Recommendation 3: Intelligence is about collecting, analyzing, collaborating, sharing/disseminating, etc, so your recommendations must fall somewhere within the intelligence cycle/process we covered about in week 3. Do NOT make recommendations about increased security measures or ‘force protection’ and defensive approaches — remember this course is about INTELLIGENCE (which is proactive / preventative, not protective / reactive).
Make sure your ideas are original and something you think the government can do better related to intelligence — not status quo or what we are already doing. If you are at a total loss for ideas about how intelligence could stop an attack or be improved with domestic homeland security intelligence, then I suggest looking back over the required reading in week 4 on Fusion Centers for Homeland Security in the section on recommendations on page 24, or consider Challenges and Way Ahead (chapter 12) in the book by Buckley (2014) titled Managing Intelligence: A Guide for Law Enforcement Professionals available as an ebook in our library.
Note on the three paper assignment series: This final assignment combines all that you wrote in the first two papers (they build on each other) for a total of 6-8 FULL pages of content (not including title and reference pages). The final paper is not 6-8 pages of completely new writing since this paper integrates what you wrote for the midterm assignment in week 3 (summarize that first 5-7 page midterm paper with 1-2 pages of content in this final paper), then add information from the progress assignment on collecting and analyzing on them (summarize that second 5-7 page progress paper with 1-2 more pages of content in this final paper as well) — making sure to improve that writing based on my feedback. Then add new information where you are making at least three recommendations (3-4 pages of new material). So, the first 2-4 pages of the final paper will summarize your first two papers, and then the last 3-4 pages or so address your recommendations and summarize the whole paper.
Again, in plain terms, for this final paper, all you have to do is condense your two previous papers (as a research paper) and then make 3 recommendations on how to better stop attacks at the end.
Technical Requirements:
• Your paper must be at a minimum of 6-8 pages (the Title and Reference pages do not count towards the minimum limit).
• Scholarly and credible references should be used. A good rule of thumb is at least 2 scholarly sources per page of content.
• Type in Times New Roman, 12 point and double space.
• Students will follow the current APA Style as the sole citation and reference style used in written work submitted as part of coursework.
• Points will be deducted for the use of Wikipedia or encyclopedic type sources. It is highly advised to utilize books, peer-reviewed journals, articles, archived documents, etc.
• All submissions will be graded using the att​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ached rubric.

Categories
Political Science

This order is already done and should be under revision.

#​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​82705187
This order is already done and should be under revision. But I would like to pay for that page of​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ ABSTRACT that was not written. It is ok. So please, if it can be given to Mr Scott I will be glad. Thank you​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Political Science

Y​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ou will conduct an analysis of government actions and leg

Y​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ou will conduct an analysis of government actions and legal and political responses during the Civil War to the United States. The analysis will center on the precedents from the threat period (law, policy, or case law) and their application to modern homeland security. A focus on the lessons learned from the period to include issues related t​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​o civil liberties is expected.
The paper should provide a short description of the threat, the government responses, impacts to civil liberties from the response, and the lessons for modern homeland security. For threat periods with multiple policy responses and Supreme Court cases it is permissible to focus on one or two issues in depth​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

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Political Science

I​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ will upload instructions. Please fol​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌

I​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ will upload instructions. Please fol​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​low the instructions exactly as given​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

Categories
Political Science

s​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ee upload instructions, number of references 3 ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍

s​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ee upload instructions, number of references 3 ​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​including text book The Struggle for Democracy​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

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Political Science

T​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​he name of the class is “Politics of Religion”, that is w

T​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​he name of the class is “Politics of Religion”, that is why the essay should be written as a Political Science essay.
We were given a reading list with the essay title, which I uploaded below, from which we​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ should get theories, references, quotes.
If some of the books require a university access, I put my credentials in the next session.
Our teacher suggested we use around 15-20 different sources.
Thank you so much​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​!

Categories
Political Science

I​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ will upload an additional word d​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​oc

I​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ will upload an additional word d​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​oc file with the full instruction​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​.

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Political Science

1​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​. Introduction: Select a terrorist organization likely to

1​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​. Introduction:
Select a terrorist organization likely to conduct a major and imminent attack within the United States and complete an in-depth profile on the group you selected. Al Qaeda is our selected terrorist organization. This same terrorist group and the hypothetical attack you describe in this Midterm paper will also be used for your following Progress and Final papers
2. Terrorist Group Profile (Organizational Assessment):
For this midterm, write a 5-7 full pages research paper that provides a description of the organization’s ideology, goals & objectives, leadership, funding, and terrorist capabilities. Describe the groups’ known or suspected weapons/lethal agents and delivery methods, and the tactics, techniques and procedures that they may use here in the homeland.
Make sure you pick either an international terrorist group from the Department of State list of foreign terrorist organizations, or if you pick a domestic group make sure it is really a terrorist organization (not just radicals). The Counter Extremist Project also has good details on Extremists Groups (but make sure to pick a terrorist organization). For example, the KKK is not a terrorist group (or even illegal in fact), they are a domestic hate group which has had members conduct violent acts and murder. For more on that, see the FBI’s definition for international terrorism and domestic terrorism (while either a domestic or international group can work for these papers, overseas terrorist groups are the best ones to facilitate your following research papers). This first Red Cell paper is only to set you up to be able to research and write on how to conduct intelligence operations to protect the Homeland (the following papers). So, a domestic terrorist group may make your progress and final papers harder to write if the group is not sending terrorists from overseas.
3. Hypothetical Terrorist Attack:
In your paper describe in detail at least one major hypothetical terrorist attack on the U.S. Homeland by this group — an event that could happen in the immediate future (an imminent attack). San Francisco, CA. Fleet Week will be the target event. Targeting military personnel touring and tourists in San Francisco by attacking several popular clubs they may attend like on Market Street, Broadway, Union Square and the Castro for example. You do not need advance permission from the instructor on which group you choose, but if you are considering a group unlikely to attack the U.S, Homeland, then pick a different group that could potentially do so.
You can describe the full spectrum of capabilities the group has to conduct attacks on our Homeland in your paper from a specific single site attack (an iconic building), to complex synchronized or multi-city attacks, or even the use of WMDs. Describe only the terrorist capabilities and weapons that are relevant to an attack on our homeland (for example it does not matter that ISIS had battle tanks and other major weapons for this paper, only what they have that could be brought here to attack the US, or acquired here). You need to explain what the impending terrorist attack on the U.S. homeland would look like and how they would do it — such as attacking a specific sporting event or a certain target you select for the organization. When it comes to picking a target(s) in one or multiple cities for your hypothetical attack(s), you can use your imagination and try to think like a terrorist (big impact, well covered by media, and fear spreading), or you can also considered the list of 31 DHS designated “High-Risk Jurisdictions” to select from (page B-2).
Also, it needs to be a planned attack by a group or at least a cell from the group, it can NOT be a lone wolf, nor can the attack be by a radicalized individual or citizens. While these homegr​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​own attacks are much more likely, these lone wolf or radicalized individuals attacking within the U.S do not allow you to develop your future research papers on how to collect, analyze and then disrupt these attacks (the topics of your progress and final papers).
In sum, you must describe a specific physical attack (not just a cyber attack) on a target or targets that you assess the organization capable of conducting, and it must be an attack within the U.S. Homeland and be conducted by a trained group or a cell of terrorists (not homegrown or cyber only attack). In other words, if you pick al Qaeda or ISIS/ISIL then the attack cell needs to come from overseas like happened on 9/11 or with the 2009 underwear bomber on coming into Detroit or the NY City subway bombing plot, also in 2009 (a traditional terrorist cell that was trained overseas). Tell us how it was planned, surveyed, how they got in the U.S., how many there are in the attack cell, etc. If you are stumped on what they could target specifically, then I suggest this article Soft Targets are Easy Terror Targets.
Conducting a successful major terrorist attack is complicated operation involving a lot of planning, resourcing, reconnaissance, and rehearsals. Most groups use the terrorist attack cycle and include separate teams or cells for each of the following functions: support and logistics, weapons and bomb-making, reconnaissance and scout teams, as well as the attack cell itself. In your paper consider how your selected organization will use the terrorist attack cycle (see the below STRATFOR video for more) and make sure to specify exactly how many terrorists are in this attack cell. Also specify how they will do the scouting and reconnaissance, how will logistical and other support be secured, in what manner will practice runs and rehearsals take place, and exactly how will the attack unfold – so you need to specify how exactly they will attack and what exact location or target will they attack in one specific city (or multiple simultaneous attacks within one or more cities).
So, for your Red Cell papers, have your selected terrorist group use a cell of at least 3 personnel in the attack cell and use an attack model. Some example terrorist attack models include Tokyo sarin gas attack 1995, or the London subway/bus bombings of 2005. You could also describe a complex attack using multiple teams like happened in Mumbai India in 2008, the West Gate Mall Kenya in 2013, the Paris attack in 2015 (to name a few). But an attack by a single individual is NOT what we are looking for since a lone actor (an inspired/radicalized individual) is not an attack by a terrorist cell (so no homegrown only attacks). Make sure to explain exactly how many terrorists are in the attack cells; who did the scouting/reconnaissance; who is providing logistical and other support, how they infiltrated into the US, etc.
You may find this 3 minute STRATFOR Video on the terrorist attack cycle useful.
For more details see this 6 page appendix A on the Terrorist Planning Cycle in the Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty First Century (page 121).
Technical Requirements:
• Your paper must be at a minimum of 5-7 pages (the Title and Reference pages do not count towards the minimum limit).
• Scholarly and credible references should be used. A good rule of thumb is at least 2 scholarly sources per page of content.
• Type in Times New Roman, 12 point and double space.
• Students will follow the current APA Style as the sole citation and reference style used in written work submitted as part of coursework.
• Points will be deducted for the use of Wikipedia or encyclopedic type sources. It is highly advised to utilize books, peer-reviewed journals, articles, archived documents, etc.
• All submissions will be graded using the a​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ttached rubric.

Categories
Political Science

Question 1: Electoral interventions. There are different ways foreign powers can

Question 1: Electoral interventions. There are different ways foreign powers can get involved in elections. On the one hand, there are malicious interferences (hacking, propaganda, bribery, etc). On the other hand, there are efforts to help with planned observations or monitoring. Using readings from Weeks 1-3, consider what types of foreign interventions into elections are harmful and what kinds can help ensure a legitimate and smooth process. For the latter side of the question, you might want to review the United Nations page on election monitoring: https://dppa.un.org/en/elections.
Support your answer with illustrative examples and specific cases from the sources.
Question 2: Perceptions of Electoral Integrity or Fraud. How citizens perceive the electoral process is critical to their success and legitimacy. Using readings from Weeks 2-3, discuss factors that strengthen citizens’ confidence in electoral processes, as well as the factors that work to erode public confidence. Cite specific examples from the sources.
ONLY use readings from WEEKS 1 THROUGH 3 which are provided.
absolutely no outside sources.
Provide citations and references for all the consulted sources from weeks 2 and 3.

Categories
Political Science

In Part 1, this week, choose a case from your state (FLORIDA) that involves civi

In Part 1, this week, choose a case from your state (FLORIDA) that involves civil rights or civil liberties that was decided by the United States Supreme Court. If your state does not have a case that was decided by the United States Supreme Court, choose a civil rights case from another state for which the United States Supreme Court issued a decision.
Here is a brief description of civil rights and civil liberties: Civil rights refers to equal social opportunities under the law. It gives you these freedoms such as the right to vote, the right to public education, or a fair trial, among other things, regardless of your wealth or race. Civil liberties mean freedom of religion, equal treatment and due process under the law, and the right to privacy.
You should be able to go online and look up your state and famous cases decided by the Supreme Court. For example, Brown v Board of Education (1951) started in Topeka, Kansas, and ended up in the Supreme Court of the United States. Another example would be Calvary Chapel Dayton Valley v Steve Sisolak, Governor of Nevada (2020) which started in Nevada and ended up in the United States Supreme Court. A good source of information about cases decided by the United States Supreme Court is www.scotusblog.com. Other sources can be researched online using search terms for “civil rights cases decided by the U.S. Supreme Court.” Be sure to use a case actually decided by the United States Supreme Court, and not a case decided by your state’s supreme court or a different court. A case that is still pending before the United States Supreme Court should Not be used.
A. Summary of the Case
In one or two paragraphs, provide a general overview of the case that serves as a snapshot of what the case is about and how it ended up in your state high court. A summary is using your words to write a brief history of the case. Do not give your opinion or your interpretation but stick to the facts only.
B: Case Outline
Your court case outline should include:
Title: Name of the case
Facts of the case: Provide key facts involving the case.
History of the case: What legal action was taken based on what your state laws say about this case?
Legal questions: What were the legal issues the court had to decide?
Decision or holdings: Did the court decide for the plaintiff or the defendant? Explain the reason behind the decision.
Verdict and opinion (judgment): What were the concurring and dissenting opinions? How many judges decided for the defendant and how many justices decided against the defendant? What was the final verdict from the judge or the jury, if it was a jury trial?
C. Conclusion
What was the resulting impact of the ruling? How did the citizens of your state benefit from it? Was this a good decision?
Writing Requirements (APA format)
The length of your outline will vary. Usually, an outline is anywhere from 1-3 pages long. Make sure to write full sentences to explain your case. It is a concise list to be used as a reference for you during the presentation.
Using the outline, you will be describing the court case in your presentation and the scenario around the court case. The use of Wikipedia as a primary source of information is to be avoided – it is not a reliable source of information.
Search for an example of a case outline on the Internet. Without going into much detail at this state, each of the items listed above has a subject sentence with 3-6 bullet points that can help you expand on the topic.
1-inch margins
Double spaced
12-point Times New Roman font
Title page
References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources in addition to textbook if cited)